Answered By: General Reference Last Updated: Feb 01, 2017 Views: 43
Peer review refers to procedures that publishers of many scholarly and scientific journals employ prior to publication to ensure that articles are based on sound methodology, are factually accurate, contribute meaningfully to a field, etc.
Peer reviewers are typically volunteers who are selected based on their expertise and experience. They ultimately determine whether an article should be published, rejected, or revised.
Peer review is often done in a “double blind” procedure where the identity of authors and peer reviewers are kept confidential to ensure impartiality.
Thus, peer review is a method of editorial control. The rigor of peer review varies, as does the rigor of other editorial policies, such as fact-checking in journalism.
The video below (produced by North Carolina State University Library) shows the peer review process.